The Miller-Urey experiments were a series of important scientific studies that directly supported the theory of evolution. Charles Darwin, one of the most famous scientists of all time, used them as evidence for evolution. In the following article, I will discuss these experiments and what they can mean today. To understand evolution, you must have a good understanding of how to classify, isolate, and study living things. If you want to learn more about this topic, I encourage you to continue reading on.
The first of the Miller-Urey experiments involved lightning. This is actually where the idea for the lightning experiment came from. The American Museum of Natural History had a section on “Geology and Physical Geography.” Among the many interesting items found within their collection were a number of meteorite pieces. These pieces were found in 1855 in what is now India.
A German doctor named Carl Wilhelm Scheele was interested in studying lightning storms
Because the poles of the earth are believed to contain an abundance of magnetic energy, he also felt that he could use the same knowledge to study the other elements in the solar system and determine their composition. Using the Rydberg Crystal, he was able to demonstrate that carbon is not the only element in our solar system that contains oxygen. Oxygen molecules were discovered around the rim of comets. These discoveries helped him to further speculate that comets are made of much more than hydrogen and helium.
Another of the Miller-Urey experiments was to test the effect of adding certain acids to wine. He thought that certain acids in the wine would react with certain kinds of woods to produce different smells. Some of these different scents would be the original smell of the wood, while others would be produced by the addition of the acids.
These early carbon experiments did not lead to any great discoveries
The basic idea of studying carbon based compounds using carbon compounds involved determining how the reaction of these compounds with other substances produces the aroma. One paper that he worked on involved combining vinegar and beer. The conclusion of this experiment stated that because the combination of these two ingredients creates an alcohol vapor, it releases a sulfur compound into the air. This conclusion did not satisfy some of his followers who felt that carbon could not be the sole means by which these aromas are produced. His critics claimed that his proof was merely are based upon a very crude and primitive method of experiment.
Charles Darwin’s interest in the natural world was piqued when he took one of these early carbon experiments and went on to write about his findings
He began to study how various kinds of bacteria and other forms of microorganisms, including some types of algae, breath the air. With this research, he began to think that there were some principles by which all living things were produced. Through his studies he came to the conclusion that through the actions of simple cells on their environment, we could determine how they lived. This research was what he used to formulate his theory of evolution, as well as his statement that all animals share a common ancestry.
After his death, Charles Darwin’s student Alfred Wallace made a discovery that was to further fuel his ideas on how the world was created
He also came up with another experiment that was based off of the origin of the Earth through carbon dioxide. He discovered that a sudden increase in the amount of carbon dioxide in the air caused trees to grow much faster than they normally would have. In addition, Wallace found that there was a connection between the earth’s water supply and the speed with which plants grow. As trees grow faster and their roots penetrate deeper into the earth’s soil, they pull up more carbon dioxide from the air, and thus the speed at which the earth spins on its axis is altered, resulting in different climates all around the globe.
The effects of the greenhouse effect and the variations in the earth’s climate through natural means and human intervention are being studied today in colleges and universities all across the country. Charles Millers’ Essential Experiment is still being used today as a testing ground for theories like the greenhouse effect, and its impact on our environment. A separate experiment used potassium chlorate, or potassium salt, to determine if it had a similar effect on organisms.